Video Game Recommendation: Europa Universalis IV (Video Game, 2013)


Hello everyone! Today, I am going to do a video game recommendation post for Europa Universalis IV, by Paradox Interactive. Released in 2013, the game allows you to guide a nation through the four hundred years of history between 1444 (the end of the failed Crusade of Varma) to 1821 (the year Napoleon died on St. Helena). Essentially any political entity that was present, almost anywhere in the world, during this time can be chosen. The level of detail present in the game is extremely impressive, and most nations on the map do feel true to themselves, although this becomes less true the further from the traditional centers of historical study (i.e., Europe, China, Japan, etc.) one travels.

The one downside of the game is the large number of expansions- I would recommend waiting until there is a sale on Steam to purchase this game, because otherwise the game can be rather expensive. Not all the expansions are required, but they all add important features to the game and none are definitely not worth purchasing.

The amount of features in the game is impressive. There is a detailed religion system, depicting which provinces (the principal division of the map, as in Crusader Kings II) belong to which religion. There is also colonization, an trade and technology system, and cultures present. The topographic map is quite beautiful as far as I am concerned, although I know that not everyone is in agreement on that topic. That said, this game does not have wonderful graphics; the game never leaves the aforementioned topographic map, and there are no cutscenes or anything of that variety.

All in all, I would definitely recommend this game. It has essentially infinite replayability, and allows you to relive history like few games before it, save for the other games by Paradox. I hope you enjoyed this post, and I will see you soon, this time with a full post.

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Book Recommendation: River of Stars (Guy Gavriel Kay, 2013)


Hello everyone! Today, I will be doing a post on River Of Stars
, a semi-historical fiction novel by Guy Gavriel Kay, a Canadian author. River of Stars is the sequel to Under Heaven, which I can recommend but not fully, as I read it some time ago and have forgotten a great deal about it. Both novels, however, are set in a fictionalized version of China, named Kitai. River of Stars is set during the end of the Northern Song dynasty, and approximately chronicles the events of that period as they took place, with the names of important figures and some events fictionalized.

However, the brilliance of this novel does not lie in this fictionalization, although it is impressive. Rather, the brilliance of this novel lies in the method with which it conveys the sweep of history; several chapters jump multiple years in the life of the protagonist, and the writing is some of the best I have ever seen. Although there are better passages than this one, any readers should discover them themselves; there is no point in giving away the best parts of the book and then telling you to read it. Nonetheless, this passage is emblematic of the overall writing style contained in the book; “The day gone, the evening, the night to come. The bird outside, he thought, was not brave or gallant. It was foolish, beyond words. You couldn’t deny the coldness of the world just by singing.” (Kay, 2013, 121.)


Perhaps that passage didn’t seem special to you, and if so perhaps this novel is not for you. However, it is my opinion that the writing contained in this novel may be some of the best historical writing ever conceived. To be sure, Norman Davies remains my favourite historian, and Umberto Eco’s historical accuracy cannot be faulted, but the writing of Guy Gavriel Kay is some of the most hauntingly beautiful I have ever come across. The end of the novel, though I will do my best not to spoil anything, is excellent; although it is bittersweet, it is easy to recognize that the story truly could not have ended any other way. Quite simply, I wholly recommend this book; even if you never read another historical fiction book, this one deserves your attention. The first book in the series, Under Heaven, is perhaps also worth a read; but coming from someone who had entirely forgotten that novel by the time they read the second, I can say with certainty that it is not necessary to do so before reading River of Stars. Certainly, the two complement one another, however, and so if you do feel like reading both I would not stop you.

In conclusion, this is one of the best books I have ever read. I hope that you all read it too, so the same may be true for you. I hope you all enjoyed this post, and have a wonderful day.

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How Accurate Is: Vikings (TV Show, 2013-) S1E4

(Spoilers are eternal. They are also present within this post.)


Hello everyone! Today, I am going to do another post on Vikings, this time on episode 4. This was a fairly good episode all around, and it was certainly dramatic, with several large fight scenes scattered throughout the episode and a few smaller ones as well. Furthermore, the plot advanced significantly, setting up the final confrontation between the jealous Earl Haraldsson and Ragnar Lothbrok, the protagonist. In terms of historical accuracy, this episode wasn’t the worst yet; as always, however, there are some things to talk about.

  • As previously mentioned, the raid which was depicted in this episode was historically quite short; the Vikings slew the sheriff, as they did at the end of the previous episode, and then immediately left. They did not raid a nearby town.[1] (Obviously, I understand that that would have been boring; however, if I excused historical inaccuracies for plot reasons, I wouldn’t have much to talk about, would I?)
  • Furthermore, it appears that the specific raid depicted (i.e., on the village) was not a historical raid, or at least I could not find any trace of it if so. (for a theoretically complete list of viking raids, see here)
  • As previously stated, the fact that few slaves were captured in the raid is slightly inaccurate; historically, slaves were a major source of income for viking raiders.[2]
  • While it is possible that a (another, counting Athelstan) priest in Northumbria would have spoken Norse at this point in history, I don’t know how likely it is; I have been unable to find any sources on the matter, however. (Although this site does talk about the spread of Norse to England, it doesn’t give enough dates)

I am going to talk about some of the things the episode did well after the link. (Also, see references there, as usual)


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How Accurate Is: Vikings (TV Show, 2013-) S1E3

Warning: this post contains spoilers. (Seriously, do not read this if you find spoilers for Vikings concerning. You have been warned.)

Summary: Today’s post will be about the third episode of Vikings (don’t worry if you don’t find Vikings interesting, I am going to try to do some different content next week). Once again, this was a fairly strong episode, although I personally felt that the villainy of the Earl was already well established, and that the murder of that peasant child was therefore unnecessary. I also forgot to mention before that I like the opening credits; they seem very professionally done in contrast to some other shows that I have watched.


  • Why did the Earl hang the other monks in the town square? As mentioned in my previous post, slaves were a fairly valuable commodity in Norse society; so, unless the show was simply trying to illustrate the villainy of the Earl,  this was not all that likely to happen historically. [1]
  • This is probably something that I should have mentioned in a previous post, but Ragnar did not have a brother historically, or at least not one who merits any mention in the sagas. I will go into more detail on the likely historical identity of Rollo after the break.
  • In keeping with what I said in my previous post, Lindisfarne was not the first viking raid; however, the show appears to have switched the first viking raid (as mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle) with the Lindisfarne raid. I say this because the events at the end of today’s episode played out the exact same way they were described in the Chronicle. Considering that the Lindisfarne raid is much more action-packed and results in treasure being obtained, this makes sense. However, if they are going to continue to follow history in this respect, they will need to have Ragnar and his raiders leave now that the sheriff is dead.[2] This seems like an unlikely story decision.
  • Further expanding on why it is so confusing that the inhabitants of Kattegat have never heard of England, the Angles (one of the Germanic tribes who would become the Anglo-Saxons) were actually from Denmark.[3] So, unless they never shared their knowledge or no one returned, the rest of Denmark should really have heard of England by now. In the same vein, the first Angles to go to England went as mercenaries and so would not have brought their families, meaning they would have gone in waves. Therefore, the knowledge would have spread.

For more, continue past the link.


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How Accurate Is: Vikings (TV Show, 2013-) S1E2


Warning: this post will contain spoilers.
Today’s post will be focusing on the second episode of the show Vikings. Overall, I found this to be a strong episode; the fact that much of it was spent at sea did not diminish from the suspense of whether or not they would reach land (although it was fairly obvious they would). In a similar vein, there were less inaccuracies in this episode, as I covered many that focus on the whole show and on the life of Ragnar last episode. This does not mean that there were none, however, so here goes:

  • It is unlikely that a monk in Anglo-Saxon Britain like Athelstan would have traveled to Scandinavia; in the show he is able to speak and understand fluent Old Norse. In the time period the show is set in, he would have had little reason or way to travel that far; a monk who was travelling would more likely have gone to one of the pilgrimage sites instead. It is possible we will find out more details on this topic later in the show, however.
  • The number of vikings and the distance of the voyage would have meant that vast amounts of supplies would have been needed; these amounts of supplies are nowhere in evidence when they are loading the ship. Similarly, the voyage would have taken much longer than it appeared to in the show. (see much more detail on this after the break)
  • Slaves were a highly sought-after commodity during viking raids; Rollo should not therefore have objected to taking monks as prisoners to be sold as slaves.[1]
  • For more detail, continue past the link.


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How Accurate Is: Vikings (TV Show, 2013-), S1E1

Hello everyone! Welcome to the first full post on ButISawItOnTV!

For the first subject, I have chosen to review the pilot episode of Vikings, a television show which has been airing on the History Channel since 2013. This is, in my opinion, a good subject to begin with because it is such a good representation of how television tends to adapt history (such as it is; Vikings isn’t based entirely on history in the first place, which I will get to in a second) to its needs once the screenwriting process begins. Now, before I continue, I feel I should say that there will be spoilers for the first episode, and potentially the entire show, of Vikings, so if that worries you, stopping reading now is probably a good idea. Furthermore, we are still trying to settle on many of the formatting and other design choices that we aim to establish for the site, so don’t be surprised if the first few posts are a little disorganized and different as far as design goes. Also, please let us know what you think of this format, with a (relatively) brief summary before the cut and a longer post after it, in the comments below. If you are interested in references, you can find them after the cut. So, with all of that out of the way, please join us in officially opening the very first full post of ButISawItOnTV! Thanks for joining us, and we hope you have a great time.

Summary:  Vikings evokes a strong historical atmosphere, but also makes plenty of changes to the source material.  Many of the changes made, however, are in the interest of a stronger story. My impression of the episode was a positive one; the characters were well established, and I particularly enjoyed the choice of sets and filming locations to bring an authentically medieval feeling to the table. Despite the fact that I enjoyed the episode, I couldn’t help but notice that major changes from the source material (the twelfth-century Gesta Danorum, by the chronicler Saxo, and the Tale of Ragnarr Lodbrok, by unknown sources; translated by Chris Van Dyke) include:

  • In both the Tale and the Gesta Danorum, Ragnar is the son of the King of Denmark, Sigurdr Ring (alternately, Siward Hring); in Vikings, Ragnar is a farmer. [1]
  • In Vikings, Ragnar seems to be the first person in Scandinavia who has ever heard of Britain; the rest believe it to be a legend. In fact, the raid on Lindesfarne which Lodbrok perpetrates in the show was likely not the first Viking raid on Britain.
    • To expand on this last point, the show seems to place Lodbrok approximately 70-100 years earlier in history than when he likely existed; the Lindesfarne raid took place in 793 CE, and only a few of the potential historical figures to whom Lodbrok can be tied were alive during this raid, much less sufficiently old to be raiding. (However, the chronicles do state that Ragnar began fighting at a very young age.)
  • In Vikings, Ragnar has only one son and one daughter, Bjorn and Gyda; in the two sources, he seems to have had as many as nine children (only three of whom were with Lagertha, whom he divorced, according to the Gesta, after “changing his love”). [2] Supposedly, it was some of his sons who invaded Northumbria at the head of the Great Heathen Army in 865 CE to avenge his death.
  • And more: For more detailed information on the historical accuracy of Vikings, continue past the link.


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